1923

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1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday.

Fictional or semi-fictional events due to the Cthulhu Mythos are highlighted in this fashion.**
Contributors:  use {{mythos|insert text here}} to note Mythos events.

Events

January

  • January 1 - Grouping of all United Kingdom railway companies into four larger companies
  • January 10 - Lithuania seizes and annexes Memel
  • January 11 - Troops from France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr area to force Germany to pay its reparation payments

February

  • February 16 - Howard Carter unseals the burial chamber of Pharaoh Tutankhamun
  • February 22 - Barcelona (Catalonia): Albert Einstein visits the city, invited by the scientist Esteban Terradas i Illa, as part of the monografics course of High Studies and Exchange organized by the Mancomunitat de Catalunya and conducted by Rafael de Campalans.

March

  • March - Antigone by Jean Cocteau appears on a Paris stage. Settings by Pablo Picasso, music by Arthur Honegger, and costumes by Gabrielle Chanel. Antonin Artaud played the part of Tiresias.
  • March 1 - USS Connecticut decommissioned
  • March 2 - Time Magazine hits newsstands for the first time
  • March 9 - Vladimir Lenin suffers a stroke, his third, which renders him bedridden and unable to speak; consequently he retires his position as Chairman of the Soviet government.

April

  • April - End of Irish Civil War
  • April 12 - Kandersteg International Scout Centre came into existence.
  • April 23 - Ceremonial inauguration of Gdynia Seaport
  • April 26 - Wedding of George VI of the United Kingdom/Prince Albert and Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon in Westminster Abbey

May

  • May 23 - Launch of Belgium's SABENA Airlines
  • May 27 - Ku Klux Klan defies law requiring publication of its members

June

  • June 9 - Military coup in Bulgaria - prime minister Aleksandar Stamboliyski is ousted (he is killed June 14)
  • June 18 - Etna volcano erupts - 60.000 made homeless

July

  • July 10 - Large hailstones kill 23 in Rostow, Soviet Russia
  • July 19 - July 20|20 night - Assassination of Pancho Villa
  • July 24 - The Treaty of Lausanne, settling the boundaries of modern Turkey, is signed in Switzerland by Greece, Bulgaria and other countries that fought in the First World War

August

  • August 2 - Warren G. Harding, 29th President of the United States (1921 - 1923) dies in office and is succeeded by Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929).
  • August 13 - First major sea-going ship arrives at Gdynia, newly constructed Polish seaport
  • August 13 - Gustav Stresemann is named Chancellor of Germany|chancellor and founds a coalition government in Weimar Republic Germany

September

  • September 1 - Great Kanto earthquake devastates Tokyo and Yokohama killing 142.807 people
  • September 4 - In Lakehurst, New Jersey, the first American airship, the USS Shenandoah, takes to the sky for the first time
  • September 6 - Italian navy occupies Corfu in retaliation of murder of an Italian officer. League of Nations protests and they leave September 29
  • September 8 - Honda Point Disaster: Seven US Navy destroyers ran aground off the California coast.
  • September 9 - Atatürk founded the CHP.
  • September 13 - Military coup in Spain - Miguel Primo de Rivera takes over, setting up a dictatorship.
  • September 18-26 - Newspaper printers strike in New York
  • September 26 - In Bayern, Gustav von Kuhr declares independence from Berlin

October

  • October 29 - Turkey becomes a republic following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire

November

  • November 8 - Beer Hall Putsch: In Munich, Adolf Hitler leads the Nazis in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the German government. Police and troops crush the attempt the next day
  • November 12- Her Highness Princess Maud, Countess of Southesk|Princess Maud of Fife marries Captain Charles Alexander Carnegie in Wellington Barracks, London.
  • November 15 - The inflation in Germany reaches its height. One dollar is worth 4,200,000,000,000 Reichsmarks (4.2 trillion). Gustav Stresemann abolishes the old currency
  • November 23 - Gustav Stresemann's coalition government collapses

December

  • December 12 - Po river dam bursts - 600 dead
  • December 27 - Assassination attempt against the crown prince of Japan in Tokyo

Unknown dates

  • Juan de la Cierva invents the autogyro, a rotary-winged aircraft with an unpowered rotor.
  • Finnish flag carrier Finnair airline is started in Aero Oy.
  • Interpol is set up.
  • International Police Conference in Vienna
  • Hoda Cha'arawi Association (formerly The Egyptian Feminist Union) is established in Egypt.
  • Trade unions banned in Spain for 10 years.
  • Police strike in Australia
  • Regia Aeronautica, air force of Fascist Italy, is founded.
  • American Law Institute established
  • Moderation League of New York became part of movement for repeal of prohibition in United States.

Births

January

  • January 1 - Roméo Sabourin, Canadian World War II spy (d. 1944)
  • January 5 - Sam Phillips, American record producer (d. 2003)
  • January 6 - Jacobo Timerman, Argentine writer (d. 1999)
  • January 7 - Hugh Kenner, Canadian literary critic (d. 2003)
  • January 8 - Johnny Wardle, English cricketer (d. 1985)
  • January 16 - Anthony Hecht, American poet (d. 2004)
  • January 19 - Jean Stapleton, American actress
  • January 25 - Arvid Carlsson, Swedish scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • January 26 - Anne Jeffreys, American actress
  • January 29 - Paddy Chayefsky, American writer (d. 1981)
  • January 31 - Norman Mailer, American writer and journalist

February

  • February 2 - James Dickey, American poet and author (d. 1997)
  • February 2 - Liz Smith (journalist)|Liz Smith, American gossip columnist
  • February 9 - Brendan Behan, Irish author (d. 1964)
  • February 12 - Franco Zeffirelli, Italian film and opera director
  • February 13 - Yfrah Neaman, Lebanese-born violinist (d. 2003)
  • February 13 - Chuck Yeager, American pilot and NASA official
  • February 20 - Forbes Burnham, President of Guyana (d. 1985)
  • February 24 - David Soyer, American cellist
  • February 27 - Dexter Gordon, American jazz saxophone player (d. 1990)

March

  • March 6 - Ed McMahon, American television personality
  • March 9 - Walter Kohn, Austrian-born physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
  • March 10 - Val Logsdon Fitch, American nuclear physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate
  • March 12 - Wally Schirra, astronaut
  • March 21 - Shri Mataji Nirmala Shrivastava, Indian founder of Sahaja Yoga
  • March 25 - Wim van Est, Dutch cyclist (d. 2003)
  • March 26 - Bob Elliott (comedian)|Bob Elliott, American comedian
  • March 27 - Louis Simpson, Jamaican-born poet
  • March 30 - Milton Acorn, Canadian writer (d. 1986)

April

  • April 2 - G. Spencer-Brown, British mathematician
  • April 6 - Ramon Valdes, Mexican comedian
  • April 8 - George Fisher (cartoonist)|George Fisher, American political cartoonist (d. 2003)
  • April 8 - Edward Mulhare, Irish actor (d. 1997)
  • April 13 - Don Adams, American actor and comedian (d. 2005)
  • April 20 - Mother Angelica, American founder of the Eternal Word Television Network (EWTN)
  • April 22 - Bettie Page, American model
  • April 22 - Aaron Spelling, American television producer and writer
  • April 23 - Dolph Briscoe, Governor of Texas

May

  • May 1 - Joseph Heller, American novelist (d. 1999)
  • May 2 - Patrick Hillery, President of Ireland
  • May 3 - Ralph Hall, American politician
  • May 5 - Richard Wollheim, British philosopher (d. 2003)
  • May 7 - Anne Baxter, American actress (d. 1985)
  • May 13 - Bea Arthur, American actress
  • May 15 - John Lanchbery, English composer (d. 2003)
  • May 16 - Merton Miller, American economist, Nobel Prize in Economics|Nobel Prize laureate
  • May 18 - Hugh Shearer, Prime Minister of Jamaica (d. 2004)
  • May 21 - Armand Borel, Swiss mathematician (d. 2003)
  • May 21 - Dorothy Hewett, writer (d. 2002)
  • May 21 - Ara Parseghian, American football coach
  • May 26 - James Arness, American actor
  • May 27 - Henry Kissinger, United States Secretary of State, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • May 28 - György Ligeti, Hungarian composer
  • May 31 - Rainier III, Prince of Monaco (d. 2005)

July

  • July 2 - Wislawa Szymborska, Polish writer, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate
  • July 4 - Rudolf Friedrich, Swiss Federal Councilor
  • July 8 - Harrison Dillard, American athlete
  • July 18 - Jerome H. Lemelson, American inventor (d. 1997)
  • July 20 - Stanislaw Albinowski|Stanisław Albinowski, Polish economist and journalist (d. 2005)
  • July 21 - Rudolph A. Marcus, Canadian chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry|Nobel Prize laureate
  • July 22 - Robert Joseph Dole, American politician and Presidential candidate
  • July 22 - Mukesh, Indian singer (d. 1976)
  • July 23 - Luis Aloma|Witto Aloma, Cuban Major League Baseball player (d. 1997)

August

  • August 5 - Devan Nair, third President of Singapore (d. 2005)
  • August 16 - Millôr Fernandes, Brazilian cartoonist and playwright
  • August 20 - Jim Reeves, American singer (d. 1964)
  • August 21 - Shimon Peres, Prime Minister of Israel, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • August 24 - Arthur Jensen, American educational psychologist
  • August 26 - Wolfgang Sawallisch, German conductor and pianist

September

  • September 1 - Kenneth Roy Thomson, 2nd Baron Thomson of Fleet, Canadian businessman and art collector
  • September 1 - Rocky Marciano, American boxer (d. 1969)
  • September 3 - Mort Walker, American cartoonist
  • September 6 - King Peter II of Yugoslavia (d. 1970)
  • September 9 - Daniel Carleton Gajdusek, American virologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • September 11 - Dharmsamrat Paramhans Swami Madhavananda, Indian guru (d. 2003)
  • September 17 - Hank Williams, American country musician (d. 1953)
  • September 20 - Geraldine Clinton Little, Irish-born poet (D. 1997
  • September 22 - Dannie Abse, Welsh poet
  • September 26 - Dev Anand, Indian actor

October

  • October 3 - Edward Oliver LeBlanc, Dominican politician (d. 2004)
  • October 5 - Albert Guðmundsson, Icelandic professional football player and politician (d. 1994)
  • October 5 - Glynis Johns, British actress
  • October 13 - Faas Wilkes, Dutch football (soccer) player
  • October 15 - Italo Calvino, Italian writer (d. 1985)
  • October 23 - Frank Sutton, American actor (d. 1974)

November

  • November 1 - Victoria de los Angeles, Catalan soprano (d. 2005)
  • November 1 - Gordon R. Dickson, Canadian author (d. 2001)
  • November 8 - Jack Kilby, American electrical engineer, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics (d. 2005)
  • November 18 - Alan Shepard, American astronaut (d. 1998)
  • November 20 - Nadine Gordimer, South African writer, Nobel Prize in Literature|Nobel Prize laureate
  • November 22 - Arthur Hiller, Canadian film director
  • November 23 - Billy Haughton, American harness driver and trainer (d. 1986)
  • November 25 - Mauno Koivisto, President of Finland

December

  • December 2 - Maria Callas, Greek soprano (d. 1977)
  • December 12 - Bob Barker, American game show host
  • December 13 - Philip Warren Anderson, American physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate
  • December 13 - Larry Doby, baseball player (d. 2003)
  • December 13 - Antoni Tàpies, Catalan painter
  • December 14 - Gerard Reve, Dutch writer
  • December 15 - Freeman Dyson, English-born physicist
  • December 23 - Claudio Scimone, Italian conductor
  • December 23 - James Stockdale, U.S. Navy admiral
  • December 24 - George Patton IV, American general (d. 2004)
  • December 25 - Sonia Olschanezky, World War II heroine (d. 1944)

Deaths

January

  • Michel-Joseph Maunoury, French general (b. 1847)
  • January 9 - Katherine Mansfield, British novelist (b. 1888)
  • January 23 - Max Nordau, Hungarian author, philosopher, and Zionist leader (b. 1849)

February

  • February 10 - Wilhelm Röntgen, German physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1845)
  • February 23 - Théophile Delcassé, French statesman (b. 1852)

March

  • March 8 - Johannes Diderik van der Waals, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics|Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1837)
  • March 26 - Sarah Bernhardt, French actress (b. 1844)
  • March 27 - Sir James Dewar, Scottish chemist (b. 1842)

April

  • April 4 - John Venn, British mathematician (b. 1834)
  • April 5 - George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, English financier of Egyptian excavations (b. 1866)

June

  • June 9 - Princess Helena of the United Kingdom (b. 1846)

August

  • August 2 - Warren G. Harding, 29th President of the United States (b. 1865)

October

  • October 30 - Andrew Bonar Law, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1858)

December

  • December 12 - Raymond Radiguet, French author (b. 1903)
  • December 13 - Théophile Steinlen, Swiss painter (b. 1859)

Nobel Prizes

  • Physics - Robert Andrews Millikan
  • Chemistry - Fritz Pregl
  • Physiology or Medicine - Frederick Grant Banting, John James Richard Macleod
  • Literature - William Butler Yeats
  • Peace - Not awarded

Wiki Source: Wikipedia