Difference between revisions of "Arkham"

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'''Arkham''' is a [[fictional city]] in [[Massachusetts]]. The town is the creation of [[H.P. Lovecraft]] and is featured in many of his stories.
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'''Arkham''' is a fictional city in Massachusetts. The town is the creation of [[H.P. Lovecraft]] and is featured in many of his stories.
  
[[Arkham House]], a [[publisher|publishing company]] started by two of Lovecraft's correspondants, [[August Derleth]] and [[Donald Wandrei]], takes its name from this city as a tribute.
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[[Arkham House]], a publisher started by two of Lovecraft's correspondants, [[August Derleth]] and [[Donald Wandrei]], takes its name from this city as a tribute.
  
 
==Arkham in Lovecraft's fiction==
 
==Arkham in Lovecraft's fiction==
  
Arkham is the home of [[Miskatonic University]], which figures prominently in many of Lovecraft's works. The institution finances the expeditions in both ''[[At the Mountains of Madness]]'' ([[1936 in literature|1936]]) and "The Shadow out of Time" (1936). [[Cthulhu mythos biographies|Walter Gilman]], of "The Dreams in the Witch House" ([[1933 in literature|1933]]), attends classes at the university. Other notable institutions in Arkham are the Arkham Historical Society and the Arkham Sanitarium<!--sic-->.
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Arkham is the home of [[Miskatonic University (Location)|Miskatonic University]], which figures prominently in many of Lovecraft's works. The institution finances the expeditions in both ''[[At the Mountains of Madness (fiction)]]'' (1936) and "[[The Shadow out of Time (fiction)]]" (1936). [[Walter Gilman]], of "[[The Dreams in the Witch House (fiction)]]" (1933), attends classes at the university. Other notable institutions in Arkham are the [[Arkham Historical Society]] and the [[Arkham Sanitarium]]<!--sic-->.
  
Arkham's main [[newspaper]] is the ''Arkham Advertiser'', which has a circulation that reaches as far as [[Dunwich (H. P. Lovecraft)|Dunwich]].  In the [[1880]]s, its newspaper was called the ''Arkham Gazette''.
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Arkham's main newspaper is the ''[[Arkham Advertiser]]'', which has a circulation that reaches as far as [[Dunwich]].  In the 1880s, its newspaper was called the ''[[Arkham Advertiser|Arkham Gazette]]''.
  
Arkham’s most notable characteristics are its [[gambrel]] roofs and the dark legends surrounding the city for centuries. Occurrences such as the disappearance of children  (presumably murdered in ritual sacrifices) at May Eve and other ''bad doings'' are accepted as a part of life for the poorer citizens of the city.
+
Arkham's most notable characteristics are its gambrel roofs and the dark legends surrounding the city for centuries. Occurrences such as the disappearance of children  (presumably murdered in ritual sacrifices) at May Eve and other ''bad doings'' are accepted as a part of life for the poorer citizens of the city.
  
The precise location of Arkham is unknown, although it is probably near both [[Innsmouth]] and [[Dunwich]]. However, it may be surmised from Lovecraft's stories that it is some distance to the north of [[Boston, Massachusetts|Boston]], probably in [[Essex County, Massachusetts]].  Some have suggested that the real-life model for Arkham is in fact [[Salem, Massachusetts|Salem]] (its reputation for the occult making it appealing to one who dabbles in the weird tale).
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The precise location of Arkham is unknown, although it is probably near both [[Innsmouth]] and [[Dunwich]]. However, it may be surmised from Lovecraft's stories that it is some distance to the north of [[Boston, Massachusetts|Boston]], probably in [[Essex County]], Massachusetts.  Some have suggested that the real-life model for Arkham is in fact [[Salem, Massachusetts|Salem]] (its reputation for the occult making it appealing to one who dabbles in the weird tale).
  
 
==Appearances==
 
==Appearances==
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''Note: dates are the year written.''
 
''Note: dates are the year written.''
  
Arkham first appeared in Lovecraft's [[short story]] "The Picture in the House" ([[1920 in literature|1920]])&mdash;the story is also the first to mention "Miskatonic". It also appears in other stories by Lovecraft, including:
+
Arkham first appeared in Lovecraft's short story "[[The Picture in the House (fiction)]]" (1920);the story is also the first to mention "Miskatonic". It also appears in other stories by Lovecraft, including:
  
*"Herbert West&mdash;Reanimator" ([[1921 in literature|1921]]&ndash;[[1922 in literature|22]]), first story to mention "Miskatonic University"
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*"[[Herbert West - Reanimator (fiction)|Herbert West&mdash;Reanimator]]" (1921;1922), first story to mention "Miskatonic University"
*"The Unnamable" ([[1923 in literature|1923]])
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*"[[The Unnamable (fiction)]]" ([1923)
*"[[The Colour out of Space]]" ([[1927 in literature|1927]])
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*"[[The Colour out of Space (fiction)]]" (1927)
*"[[The Dunwich Horror]]"  ([[1928 in literature|1928]])
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*"[[The Dunwich Horror (fiction)]]"  (1928)
*''[[At the Mountains of Madness]]''([[1931 in literature|1931]]), one of the ships is named ''Arkham''
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*''[[At the Mountains of Madness (fiction)]]''(1931), one of the ships is named ''Arkham''
*"[[The Shadow Over Innsmouth]]" (1931), first to mention "Arkham Historical Society"
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*"[[The Shadow Over Innsmouth (fiction)]]" (1931), first to mention "Arkham Historical Society"
*"The Dreams in the Witch House" ([[1932 in literature|1932]])
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*"[[The Dreams in the Witch House (fiction)]]" (1932)
*"Through the Gates of the Silver Key" (1932&ndash;[[1933 in literature|1933]])
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*"[[Through the Gates of the Silver Key (fiction)]]" (1932;1933)
*"The Thing on the Doorstep" (1933), first to mention "Arkham Sanitarium"
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*"[[The Thing on the Doorstep (fiction)]]" (1933), first to mention "[[Arkham Sanitarium]]"
*"The Shadow out of Time"  ([[1934 in literature|1934]]&ndash;[[1935 in literature|1935]])
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*"[[The Shadow out of Time (fiction)]]"  (1934;1935)
  
 
===Other authors===
 
===Other authors===
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Arkham also appears in the [[Cthulhu mythos]] tales of other writers since Lovecraft's death. Among them:
 
Arkham also appears in the [[Cthulhu mythos]] tales of other writers since Lovecraft's death. Among them:
  
*[[Robert Bloch|Bloch, Robert]]. "The Creeper in the Crypt" ([[1937 in literature|1937]])
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*[[Robert Bloch|Bloch, Robert]]. "[[The Creeper in the Crypt (fiction)]]" (1937)
  
*Brennen, Joseph Payne. "Forringer's Fortune" ([[1975 in literature|1975]])
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*Brennen, Joseph Payne. "[[Forringer's Fortune (fiction)]]" (1975)
  
*Brunner, John. "Concerning the Forthcoming Inexpensive Paperback Translation of the Necronomicon of Abdul Alhazred" ([[1992 in literature|1992]])
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*Brunner, John. "Concerning the Forthcoming Inexpensive Paperback Translation of the [[Necronomicon]] of [[Abdul Alhazred]]" (1992)
  
 
*Campbell, Ramsey.
 
*Campbell, Ramsey.
**"The Tomb Herd" ([[1986 in literature|1986]])
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**"[[The Tomb Herd (fiction)]]" (1986)
**"The Tower from Yuggoth" (1986)
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**"[[The Tower from Yuggoth (fiction)]]" (1986)
  
*Jens, Tina L. "In His Daughter's Darkling Womb" ([[1997 in literature|1997]]), mentions "Arkham Industries"
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*Jens, Tina L. "[[In His Daughter's Darkling Womb (fiction)]]" (1997), mentions "Arkham Industries"
  
*[[Brian Lumley|Lumley, Brian]]. ''The Transition of Titus Crow'' (1975)
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*[[Brian Lumley|Lumley, Brian]]. ''[[Titus Crow|The Transition of Titus Crow]]'' (1975)
  
*Price, Robert M. "Wilbur Whateley Waiting" ([[1987 in literature|1987]])
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*Price, Robert M. "[[Wilbur Whateley Waiting (fiction)]]" (1987)
  
*Shea, Michael ''The Color out of Time'' ([[1984 in literature|1984]])
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*Shea, Michael ''[[The Color out of Time (fiction)]]'' (1984)
  
*Smith, Clark Ashton. "I Am a Witch" (19??)
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*[[Clark Ashton Smith|Smith, Clark Ashton]]. "[[I Am a Witch (fiction)]]" (19??)
  
*Thompson, C. Hall "The Will of Claude Ashur" ([[1947 in literature|1947]])
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*Thompson, C. Hall "[[The Will of Claude Ashur (fiction)]]" (1947)
  
*Wilson, F. Paul "The Barrens" ([[1990 in literature|1990]])
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*Wilson, F. Paul "[[The Barrens (fiction)]]" (1990)
  
 
==Arkham in other fiction==
 
==Arkham in other fiction==
  
In many ''[[Batman]]'' [[comic books]], [[Arkham Asylum]] is shown or mentioned as a place in which many [[villains]], including the [[Joker (comics)|Joker]], are kept under guard. The third ''[[Shadow Hearts]]'' video game (''Shadow Hearts: From the New World'') features a visit to the fictional Arkham University, based in [[Boston]], [[Massachusetts]]. H. P. Lovecraft himself appears as a professor at the university, conjuring up demons for the heroes to fight at their request. It is also the setting for [[roleplaying games]] based on the mythos, such as ''[[Call of Cthulhu (role-playing game)|Call of Cthulhu]]''.
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In many ''[[Batman]]'' comic books, [[Arkham Asylum]] is shown or mentioned as a place in which many villains, including the Joker, are kept under guard. The third ''[[Shadow Hearts]]'' video game (''Shadow Hearts: From the New World'') features a visit to the fictional Arkham University, based in [[Boston]], Massachusetts. H. P. Lovecraft himself appears as a professor at the university, conjuring up demons for the heroes to fight at their request. It is also the setting for roleplaying games based on the mythos, such as ''[[Call of Cthulhu (RPG)|Call of Cthulhu]]''.
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
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<!--Anything wrong with a redundant link here?-->
 
<!--Anything wrong with a redundant link here?-->
* [[Dunwich (H. P. Lovecraft)|Dunwich]], Massachusetts
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Neighboring Massachussetts "[[Lovecraft Country]]"/"[[Miskatonic Valley]] towns:
* [[Innsmouth]], Massachusetts
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* [[Dunwich]]
 +
* [[Innsmouth]]
 +
* [[Dunwich]]
 +
* [[Kingsport]]
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* [[Salem]]
 +
* [[Boston]]
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* [[Foxfield]]
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* [[Aylesbury]]
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* [[Dean's Corners]]
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* [[Martin's Beach]]
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* [[Bolton]]
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* [[Clark's Corners]]
 +
 
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
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**''The Dunwich Horror and Others'' (9th corrected printing), S. T. Joshi (ed.), Sauk City, WI: Arkham House, 1984. ISBN 0-870-54037-8. Definitive version.
 
**''The Dunwich Horror and Others'' (9th corrected printing), S. T. Joshi (ed.), Sauk City, WI: Arkham House, 1984. ISBN 0-870-54037-8. Definitive version.
  
<!--gap for stub-->
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Original Wiki source: [http://en.wikipedia.org/ Wikipedia]
  
{{Horror-stub}}
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[[Category:Miskatonic Region]]
 
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[[Category:Arkham]]
[[Category:Strange Places]]
 
 
 
Original Wiki source: [http://en.wikipedia.org/ Wikipedia]
 

Latest revision as of 00:04, 27 September 2018

Arkham is a fictional city in Massachusetts. The town is the creation of H.P. Lovecraft and is featured in many of his stories.

Arkham House, a publisher started by two of Lovecraft's correspondants, August Derleth and Donald Wandrei, takes its name from this city as a tribute.

Arkham in Lovecraft's fiction

Arkham is the home of Miskatonic University, which figures prominently in many of Lovecraft's works. The institution finances the expeditions in both At the Mountains of Madness (fiction) (1936) and "The Shadow out of Time (fiction)" (1936). Walter Gilman, of "The Dreams in the Witch House (fiction)" (1933), attends classes at the university. Other notable institutions in Arkham are the Arkham Historical Society and the Arkham Sanitarium.

Arkham's main newspaper is the Arkham Advertiser, which has a circulation that reaches as far as Dunwich. In the 1880s, its newspaper was called the Arkham Gazette.

Arkham's most notable characteristics are its gambrel roofs and the dark legends surrounding the city for centuries. Occurrences such as the disappearance of children (presumably murdered in ritual sacrifices) at May Eve and other bad doings are accepted as a part of life for the poorer citizens of the city.

The precise location of Arkham is unknown, although it is probably near both Innsmouth and Dunwich. However, it may be surmised from Lovecraft's stories that it is some distance to the north of Boston, probably in Essex County, Massachusetts. Some have suggested that the real-life model for Arkham is in fact Salem (its reputation for the occult making it appealing to one who dabbles in the weird tale).

Appearances

Lovecraft's fiction

Note: dates are the year written.

Arkham first appeared in Lovecraft's short story "The Picture in the House (fiction)" (1920);the story is also the first to mention "Miskatonic". It also appears in other stories by Lovecraft, including:

Other authors

Arkham also appears in the Cthulhu mythos tales of other writers since Lovecraft's death. Among them:

Arkham in other fiction

In many Batman comic books, Arkham Asylum is shown or mentioned as a place in which many villains, including the Joker, are kept under guard. The third Shadow Hearts video game (Shadow Hearts: From the New World) features a visit to the fictional Arkham University, based in Boston, Massachusetts. H. P. Lovecraft himself appears as a professor at the university, conjuring up demons for the heroes to fight at their request. It is also the setting for roleplaying games based on the mythos, such as Call of Cthulhu.

See also

  • Arkham Asylum: an institution in the DC Comics universe, named in honor of Lovecraft's Arkham.
  • Arkham Horror: a board game set in Arkham, where the players war against the Cthulhu mythos.

Other fictional settings from the stories of H. P. Lovecraft:

Neighboring Massachussetts "Lovecraft Country"/"Miskatonic Valley towns:


References

  • Harms, Daniel. "Arkham" in The Encyclopedia Cthulhiana (2nd ed.), pp. 10. Chaosium, Inc., 1998. ISBN 1-56882-119-0.
  • Joshi, S.T. and David E. Schultz. "Arkham" in An H.P. Lovecraft Encyclopedia, pp. 6–7. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2001. ISBN 0-313-31578-7.
  • Lovecraft, Howard P.
    • At the Mountains of Madness, and Other Novels (7th corrected printing), S. T. Joshi (ed.), Sauk City, WI: Arkham House, 1985. ISBN 0-870-54038-6. Definitive version.
    • Dagon and Other Macabre Tales, S. T. Joshi (ed.), Sauk City, WI: Arkham House, 1987. ISBN 0-870-54039-4. Definitive version.
    • The Dunwich Horror and Others (9th corrected printing), S. T. Joshi (ed.), Sauk City, WI: Arkham House, 1984. ISBN 0-870-54037-8. Definitive version.

Original Wiki source: Wikipedia