Difference between revisions of "1930"

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(January-February)
 
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*[[January 29, 1930|January 29]] - Bobby Bland, American singer
 
*[[January 29, 1930|January 29]] - Bobby Bland, American singer
 
*[[January 30, 1930|January 30]] - Gene Hackman, American actor
 
*[[January 30, 1930|January 30]] - Gene Hackman, American actor
 +
*[[February 24, 1930|February 24]] - Anita Steckel, American artist (d. 2012)
 
*[[February 27, 1930|February 27]] - Joanne Woodward, Oscar-winning American actress
 
*[[February 27, 1930|February 27]] - Joanne Woodward, Oscar-winning American actress
 
*[[February 27, 1930|February 27]] - Peter Stone, American writer (d. 2003)
 
*[[February 27, 1930|February 27]] - Peter Stone, American writer (d. 2003)

Latest revision as of 17:31, 4 May 2015

Years: 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933
Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s
Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1930 by topic:
Arts
Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music - Television
Science and technology
Archaeology - Aviation - Rail transport - Radio - Science
By country
Australia - Canada - India - Ireland - Mexico - South Africa
Other topics
Sport - Law - State leaders - Religious leaders
Video gaming
Birth and death categories
Births - Deaths

.

Events

January-February

  • January 6 - The first diesel-engine automobile trip is completed (Indianapolis, Indiana, to New York City).
  • February 18 - While studying photographs taken in January, Clyde Tombaugh discovers Pluto.
  • February 18 - Elm Farm Ollie becomes the first cow to fly in an airplane and also the first cow to be milked in an airplane.

March

  • March 2 - Mohandas Gandhi informs British viceroy of India that civil disobedience would begin nine days later.
  • March 5 - Danish painter Einar Wegener goes through a sexual reassignment surgery and takes the name Lili Elbe.
  • March 6 - first frozen foods of Clarence Birdseye go on sale in Springfield, Massachusetts, USA.
  • March 12 - Mohandas Gandhi sets off to a 200-mile protest march towards the sea with 78 followers to protest the British monopoly on salt - more will join them during the Salt March that ends in April 5.
  • March 28 - Constantinople and Angora change their names to Istanbul and Ankara.
  • March 29 - Heinrich Brüning is appointed German Reichskanzler (Chancellor).
  • March 31 - The Motion Pictures Production Code is instituted, imposing strict guidelines on the treatment of sex, crime, religion and violence in motion pictures for the next forty years.

April-May

  • April 5 - In an act of civil disobedience, Mahatma Gandhi breaks British law after marching to the sea and making salt.
  • April 6 - Hostess Twinkies are invented.
  • April 21 - Fire in Ohio State Penitentiary near Columbus kills 320.
  • April 22 - The United Kingdom, Japan and the United States sign the London Naval Treaty regulating submarine warfare and limiting shipbuilding.
  • April 28 - The first night game in organized baseball history takes place in Independence, Kansas.
  • May 4/May 5 - Mohandas Gandhi is arrested again.
  • May 6 - The Great Salmas Earthquake in Iran.
  • May 15 - Aboard a Boeing tri-motor, Ellen Church becomes the first airline stewardess (the flight was from Oakland, California to Chicago, Illinois).
  • May 17 - French Prime Minister André Tardieu decides to withdraw the remaining French troops from the Rheinland. They depart by June 30.
  • May 20 - Sergei Eisenstein arrives in New York City
  • May 24 - Amy Johnson lands in Darwin, Australia becoming the first woman to fly solo from England to Australia (she left on May 5 for the 11,000 mile flight).
  • May 30 - Sergei Eisenstein arrives in Hollywood to work for Paramount Pictures - they part ways by October.

June-August

  • June 9 - Chicago Tribune journalist Alfred Lingle is shot in Chicago, Illinois, USA. Newspapers promise $55,000 reward for information. Lingle is later found to have had contacts to organized crime.
  • June 17 - U.S. President Herbert Hoover signs the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act into law.
  • June 17 - Bonus Army: Around a thousand World War I veterans mass at the United States Capitol as the U.S. Senate considers a bill that would give them certain benefits.
  • June 21 - One-year conscription comes into force in France.
  • July 7 - Lapua Movement marches in Helsinki, Finland.
  • July 7 - Building of the Boulder Dam (now known as Hoover Dam) is started.
  • July 13 - The first soccer World Cup starts: Lucien Laurent scores the first goal, for France against Mexico.
  • July 26 - Charles Creighton and James Hargis of Missouri begin their return journey to Los Angeles - driving 11,555 km using only a reverse gear. The trip lasts the next 42 days.
  • July 30 - Uruguay beat Argentina 4-2 in the first soccer World Cup Final.
  • July 31 - The radio mystery program The Shadow airs for the first time.
  • August 7 - Richard Bedford Bennett becomes Canada's eleventh Prime Minister.
  • August 9 - Betty Boop premiers in the animated film Dizzy Dishes.
  • August 12 - Turkish troops move into Persia to fight Kurdish insurgents.
  • August 27 - Military junta takes over in Peru.

September-December

  • September 6 - Josef Felix Urileu makes a successful military coup in Argentina, deposing the President, Hipólito Yrigoyen.
  • September 8 - 3M begins marketing Scotch transparent tape.
  • September 12 - Wilfred Rhodes end his 1110-game first-class career by taking 5 for 95 for H.D.G. Leveson Gower's XI against the Australians.
  • September 14 - National socialists win 107 seats in German parliament - 18.3% of all the votes makes them second largest party.
  • October 5 - British Airship R101 crashed in France en-route to India on its maiden voyage.
  • October 24 - Brazil - Revolution of 1930 by Getúlio Dornelles Vargas.
  • November 2 - Haile Selassie is crowned emperor of Ethiopia.
  • November 25 - An earthquake in the Izu Peninsula of Japan kills 223 people and destroys 650 buildings.
  • December 2 - Great Depression: US President Herbert Hoover goes before Congress and asks for a US$150 million public works program to help generate jobs and stimulate the economy.
  • December 19 - Merap volcano erupts - 1300 dead.
  • December 24 - In London, Harry Grindell Matthews demonstrates his device to project pictures to the clouds.
  • December 28 - Mohandas Gandhi leaves for Britain for negotiations.

Unknown dates

  • British White Paper demands restrictions on Jewish immigration into Palestine.
  • Rafael Leónidas Trujillo takes over in the Dominican Republic.
  • The Federal Bureau of Narcotics replaces the Narcotics Division of the Prohibition Unit.
  • Walther Bothe and H. Becker discover the neutron.
  • Abkhazia and Georgia, autonomous republics of the Soviet Union, are merged.
  • The University of Queensland starts the pitch drop experiment.
  • Jake paralysis outbreak occurs in United States.

Births

January-February

  • January 2 - Julius LaRosa, American singer
  • January 12 - Jennifer Johnston, Irish writer
  • January 20 - Buzz Aldrin, American pilot and astronaut
  • January 23 - Derek Walcott, West Indian writer, Nobel Prize laureate
  • January 26 - John Straffen, British serial killer
  • January 29 - Bobby Bland, American singer
  • January 30 - Gene Hackman, American actor
  • February 24 - Anita Steckel, American artist (d. 2012)
  • February 27 - Joanne Woodward, Oscar-winning American actress
  • February 27 - Peter Stone, American writer (d. 2003)
  • February 28 - Leon Neil Cooper, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate

March

  • March 3 - Heiner Geißler, German politician
  • March 6 - Allison Hayes, American actress (d. 1977)
  • March 6 - Lorin Maazel, French-born conductor
  • March 7 - Antony Armstrong-Jones, Lord Snowdon
  • March 10 - Claude Bolling, French jazz pianist and composer
  • March 15 - Zhores Ivanovich Alferov, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • March 17 - James Irwin, astronaut (d. 1991)
  • March 19 - Ornette Coleman, American musician
  • March 20 - Willie Thrower, American football player
  • March 22 - Pat Robertson, American televangelist
  • March 22 - Stephen Sondheim, American composer and lyricist
  • March 24 - David Dacko, first President of the Central African Republic (d. 2003)
  • March 24 - Steve McQueen, American actor, film director, and producer (d. 1980)
  • March 25 - John Keel, American author
  • March 26 - Sandra Day O'Connor, U.S. Supreme Court Justice
  • March 27 - David Janssen, American actor (d. 1980)
  • March 28 - Jerome Isaac Friedman, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • March 30 - John Astin, American actor
  • March 30 - Rolf Harris, Australian-born entertainer
  • March 30 - Peter Marshall, American game show host

April

  • April 3 - Helmut Kohl, Chancellor of Germany
  • April 8 - Carlos Hugo of Bourbon-Parma, Duke of Parma, Aristocrat
  • April 10 - Pertti "Spede" Olavi Pasanen, Finnish television personality (d. 2001)
  • April 11 - Anton LaVey, American religious leader (d. 1997)
  • April 15 - Vigdís Finnbogadóttir, President of Iceland
  • April 16 - Herbie Mann, American jazz flutist (d. 2003)
  • April 21 - Silvana Mangano, Italian actress (d. 1989)
  • April 25 - Paul Mazursky, American director and writer
  • April 29 - Jean Rochefort, French actor

May-August

  • May 4 - Roberta Peters, American soprano
  • May 8 - Heather Harper, Irish soprano
  • May 9 - Joan Sims, English actress (d. 2001)
  • May 10 - Pat Summerall, American football player and broadcaster
  • May 15 - Jasper Johns, American painter
  • May 19 - Lorraine Hansberry, American playwright (d. 1965)
  • May 21 - Malcolm Fraser, twenty-second Prime Minister of Australia
  • May 22 - John Barth, American writer
  • May 22 - Harvey Milk, American politician and civil rights activist (d. 1978)
  • May 31 - Clint Eastwood, American actor, director, and producer
  • June 2 - Charles Conrad, astronaut (d. 1999)
  • June 8 - Robert Aumann, German-born mathematician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Economics
  • June 9 - Monique Serf, French musician (d. 1997)
  • June 12 - Jim Nabors, American actor, musician, and comedian
  • June 17 - Brian Statham, English cricketer (d. 2000)
  • June 22 - Yuri Artyukhin, cosmonaut (d. 1998)
  • June 27 - Ross Perot, American billionaire and politician
  • July 2 - Carlos Menem, President of Argentina
  • July 3 - Carlos Kleiber, Austrian conductor (d. 2004)
  • July 4 - George Steinbrenner, baseball team owner
  • July 11 - Harold Bloom, American literary critic
  • July 15 - Jacques Derrida, Algerian-born French literary critic (d. 2004)
  • July 25 - Maureen Forrester, Canadian contralto
  • July 25 - Murray Chapple, New Zealand cricket captain (d. 1985)
  • August 1 - Pierre Bourdieu, French sociologist
  • August 5 - Neil Armstrong, astronaut
  • August 12 - George Soros, Hungarian-born businessman
  • August 17 - Ted Hughes, English poet (d. 1998)
  • August 21 - Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon (d. 2002)
  • August 25 - Sir Sean Connery, Scottish actor
  • August 30 - Warren Buffett, American investor

September-December

  • September 3 - Cherry Wilder, New Zealand author (d. 2002)
  • September 7 - King Baudouin I of Belgium (d. 1993)
  • September 16 - Anne Francis, American actress
  • September 25 - Shel Silverstein, American author, poet, and humorist (d. 1999)
  • September 26 - Fritz Wunderlich, German tenor (d. 1966)
  • September 30 - Ray Charles, American singer and musician (d. 2004)
  • October 1 - Richard Harris, Irish actor (d. 2002)
  • October 5 - Anne Haddy, Australian actress (d. 1999)
  • October 5 - Pavel Popovich, cosmonaut
  • October 5 - Reinhard Selten, German economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • October 6 - Hafez al-Assad, President of Syria (d. 2000)
  • October 8 - Tōru Takemitsu, Japanese composer (d. 1996)
  • October 10 - Yves Chauvin, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • October 10 - Harold Pinter, English playwright, Nobel Prize laureate
  • October 11 - Sam Johnson, American politician
  • October 17 - Robert Atkins, American nutritionist (d. 2003)
  • October 28 - Bernie Ecclestone, English auto racing tycoon
  • October 30 - Timothy Findley, Canadian author (d. 2002)
  • November 4 - Doris Roberts, American actress
  • November 14 - Edward White, astronaut (d. 1967)
  • November 16 - Chinua Achebe, Nigerian writer
  • November 24 - Bob Friend, baseball player
  • December 1 - Joachim Hoffmann, German historian (d. 2002)
  • December 2 - Gary Becker, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • December 6 - Daniel Lisulo, Prime Minister of Zambia {d. 2000)
  • December 11 - Jean-Louis Trintignant, French actor
  • December 15 - Edna O'Brien, Irish writer/author
  • December 21 - Adebayo Adedeji, Nigerian UN official

Date unknown

  • Amelia Rosselli, Italian poet (d. 1996)
  • Barney Glaser, American sociologist

Deaths

  • February 23 - Horst Wessel, Nazi ideologue and composer (b. 1907)
  • February 27 - Ahmad Shah Qajar, Shah of Persia (b. 1898)
  • March 2 - D. H. Lawrence, English writer (b. 1885)
  • March 8 - William Howard Taft, President of the United States, Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1857)
  • March 19 - Arthur James Balfour, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1848)
  • March 24 - Eugeen Van Mieghem, Belgian painter (b. 1875)
  • April 2 - Empress Zawditu of Ethiopia (b. 1876)
  • April 21 - Robert Bridges, English poet (b. 1844)
  • April 22 - Jeppe Aakjær, Danish poet and novelist (b. 1866)
  • May 13 - Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian explorer, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1861)
  • May 25 - Randall Thomas Davidson, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1848)
  • June 5 - Pascin, Bulgarian painter (b. 1885)
  • July 7 - Arthur Conan Doyle, British author (b. 1859)
  • July 28 - Allvar Gullstrand, Swedish ophthalmologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1862)
  • August 15 - Florian Cajori, Swiss-born historian of mathematics (b. 1859)
  • August 29 - William Archibald Spooner, British scholar and Anglican priest (b. 1844)
  • September 24 - William A. MacCorkle, Governor of West Virginia (b. 1857)
  • October 26 - Harry Payne Whitney, American businessman and horse breeder (b. 1872)
  • November 4 - Buddy Bolden, American musician (b. 1877)
  • November 5 - Christiaan Eijkman, Dutch physician and pathologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1858)
  • December 9 - Andrew "Rube" Foster, Negro League baseball player
  • December 9 - Laura Muntz Lyall, Canadian painter (b. 1860)
  • December 13 - Fritz Pregl, Austrian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1869)

Nobel Prizes

  • Physics - Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman
  • Chemistry - Hans Fischer
  • Physiology or Medicine - Karl Landsteiner
  • Literature - Sinclair Lewis
  • Peace - Archbishop Lars Olof Nathan Söderblom


Wiki Source: Wikipedia